The fashionable Baphomet icon is often related to imagery of a goat-headed diabolical idol allegedly worshiped by the Knights Templar in the course of the 13th and 14th centuries. In actuality, the connection between Baphomet and the primordial goat-headed god didn’t emerge till the 1850s. The historic origin of the time period is probably extra fascinating than the mythologized model: a story of mistranslation, a courtroom conspiracy, and a gradual metamorphosis right into a profoundly influential occult icon.
“I reached out to the Satanic Temple hoping they might join Baphomet to any Satanic or Spiritual reference sadly they declined to reply “
The earliest recognized use of the phrase Baphomet comes from a letter written by a French crusader in 1098. He describes the Crusaders’ enemies within the Holy Land “Calling upon Baphometh” previous to battle. One other early chronicle of the crusades refers to mosques as Bafumarias. At present, it’s generally accepted that Baphomet, much like the Outdated French phrase Mahomet, refers to Mohammed, the Prophet of Islam. On the time, European Christian dogma considered worship of Mohammed as idolatry. This doctrinal Islamophobia was harnessed by a Medieval European ruler within the type of a witch-hunt concentrating on his political opponents.
The Knights Templar Arrested… and the Legend of Baphomet Grows
On October 13, 1307, King Philip IV of France ordered the arrest of the Knights Templar in France. Over the earlier two centuries of crusading, the Knights Templar had develop into some of the highly effective army orders in Europe. Throughout a conflict with the English, King Philip turned closely indebted to the Templars financially. King Philip desired to erase his debt, but additionally feared that the Templars might pose a army risk if he didn’t pay. As a substitute, he had lots of of Knights Templar instantly arrested and accused of heresy.
Being arrested as a heretic was notably disagreeable in Medieval France resulting from Inquisition-style torture methods. The punishment would proceed till the prisoner confessed. King Philip accused the Knights Templar of spitting and urinating on the cross, participating in homosexuality, and worshipping Baphomet as an idol. Baphomet, presumably a reference to Mohammed, was allegedly included into the Templar apply throughout their time mingling with Islamic tradition within the Center East. Principally, King Philip was accusing the Knights Templar of getting develop into Muslims. Comparable costs have been leveled towards different political opponents of King Philip IV, and are additionally presumed to be fabricated.
After a battery of unimaginable torture, lots of the Templars invented confessions to finish their struggling. Some admitted to worshipping an idol, although inconsistent accounts diversified from the severed head of John the Baptist to a cat statue with three faces. There was no reference, nevertheless, to a goat-headed icon all through the trial. After escaping the inquisitors’ torture, most Templars recanted their confessions, and have been subsequently burned on the stake. Threatening army motion, King Philip pressured the Papacy to disband the Templar Order fully.
Baphomet Enters the 19th Century
Over the subsequent 500 years, students and mystics alike speculated upon the verity of the accusations leveled towards the Templars. A wealthy mythology arose, with tales linking the Templar Order to historical mystical knowledge and artifacts found throughout their marketing campaign within the Holy Land. The narrative assemble of a bunch or particular person venturing from Europe into the Center East or North Africa and returning with Magical Historic Information was a recurring theme in Renaissance occult thought. The identical themes seem in well-known grimoires such because the Ebook of Abramelin and Airtight texts.
In 1818, the time period Baphomet re-emerged in an essay revealed in Vienna speculating upon the character of the idol worshipped by the Knights Templar. The writer, Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall, claimed that the Templars have been certainly idol worshippers, and that the Baphomet refers to a hermaphroditic stone determine borrowed from Egypt or the Gnostic Christian Ophites. Even on the time, students known as out von Hammer-Purgstall’s essay as pseudohistory and anti-Masonic rhetoric. After the discharge of this essay, many European museums started to catalogue “Baphomets,” small carved stone idols, which have been both fashionable forgeries attributed to the Knights Templar or misidentified artifacts from different cultures.
The Last Transformation of Baphomet
The ultimate transformation of Baphomet occurred in 1854. French ceremonial magician Elphias Levi re-imagined Baphomet right into a determine he named the Sabbatic Goat. Representing the universe within the type of binary opposites, the Sabbatic Goat incorporates parts of the hermaphroditic stone Baphomets and the symbolic beliefs of the Templar Baphomet delusion. He mingled these parts with Occult, Kabbalistic and Catholic imagery.
Although Levi started his profession within the Catholic seminary, he quickly left to pursue romance and magick. He believed that the Sabbatic Goat served as a collective illustration for all magickal icons that survived the unfold of Christianity from earlier polytheistic or animistic traditions. Although the Goat-Headed Baphomet was not worshipped by the Knights Templar, the Sabbatic Goat references the Templar plight within the spirit of all types of social oppression justified by the dominant spiritual rhetoric of the time.
Essentially the most distinctive and iconic component of Levi’s Baphomet is the top of a goat upon a humanoid physique. The goat head was borrowed by Levi from the Egyptian goat-headed deity Banebdjedet, who represented the soul of Osiris. Levi was additionally impressed by Pan, one other goat-headed god equated with primal worship and social taboos of the time. The general impression of the Sabbatic Goat is similar to that of the Satan card from Marseille Tarot, which can have been Levi’s template. The Latin phrases on the Sabbatic Goat’s arms, COAGULA and SOLVE, imply to affix collectively and take aside. These reference the powers claimed by Church leaders to be taken from God by his earthly representatives. In Levi’s context, these phrases symbolize the dualistic energy of magick that may be realized by any religious, initiated practitioner.
Aleister Crowley and Baphomet
Eliphas Levi’s Baphomet was additionally adopted by Aleister Crowley, most famously in his Gnostic Mass. The deep symbolic nature of Baphomet match effectively with Crowley’s interpretations of Renaissance and Medieval ritual magick. It additionally included acquainted parts of binary cosmology that supported Crowley’s airtight ideology. Crowley described Baphomet as a divine androgyne, consultant of mystical perfection via a union of opposites. He additionally equated this union of opposites to that which happens when a sperm and egg be a part of. This line of thought, triggered by his reflections upon Baphomet, was profoundly influential in Crowley’s theories of intercourse magick
Crowley additionally linked concepts of suppressed data and secret worship, thus Baphomet, with Devil. He argued that opposite to conventional Christian thought, Devil represented “not the enemy of Man, however He who made Gods of our race, understanding Good and Evil; He bade ‘Know Thyself!’ and taught Initiation. He’s ‘The Satan’ of The Ebook of Thoth, and His emblem is BAPHOMET, the Androgyne who’s the hieroglyph of arcane perfection… He’s subsequently Life, and Love.”
Baphomet At present
At present, the Baphomet within the type of Eliphas Levi’s Sabbatic Goat is among the most recognizable occult pictures on the planet, with sturdy ties to inventive and in style tradition. It straight impressed the long-lasting Satan card from the Rider Waite Tarot system. The Sigil of Baphomet, depicting the Sabbatic Goat inside an inverted Pentagram, has been adopted as the trendy Church of Devil’s emblem. Baphomet additionally made the information just lately when members of the Satanic Temple tried to have an eight foot tall Sabbatic Goat statue erected beside the Monument of the Ten Commandments on the Oklahoma State Capitol.
With its lengthy and deeply symbolic historical past, Baphomet is a strong icon that garnishes concern and respect to this present day. Baphomet has been remodeled by time and tradition right into a wealthy icon of our fashionable occult heritage. It additionally serves as a poignant reminder of the hazards of state-sponsored, religiously justified oppression.
“So is it that the Satanic Temple is worshipping by default Allah of the Islamic faith?? As the only real religious ties date back to when Baphomet was another name used for allah”